International Day of Poetry

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Italian Poet

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Arab Poet

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Turkish Poet

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Iqbal’s Stray Reflections!

“Individuals and nations die; but their children i.e. ideas never die.” — Pakistan is Allama Iqbal’s idea, it won’t die.

“I have the greatest respect for Aristotle, not only because I (living in the twentieth century) know him much better than the older generations of my community, but also because of his vast influence on the thought of my people.”

“I confess I owe a great deal to Hegel, Goethe, Mirza Ghalib, Mirza Abdul Qadir Bedil and Wordsworth.  The first two led me into the ‘inside’ of things, the third and fourth taught me how to remain oriental in spirit and expression after having assimilated foreign ideals of poetry, and the last saved me from atheism in my student days.”

The Jewish race has produced only two great men-Christ and Spinoza.  The former was God incarnated in the Son, the latter in the universe.  Spinoza was only a completion of the greatest teacher of his race.”

 

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Peaceful Karachi

Allah (SWT) says in Surah Al-Anfaal (Spoils of War/Booty)… “Let not the unbelievers think that they can get the better (of the godly): they will never frustrate (them).  Against them make ready your strength to the utmost of your power, including steeds of war, to strike terror into (the hearts of) the enemies, of Allah and your enemies, and others besides, whom ye may not know, but whom Allah doth know. Whatever ye shall spend in the cause of Allah, shall be repaid unto you, and ye shall not be treated unjustly.”

It was few years ago, when on a channel I heard Anwar Maqsood, the famous comedy writer saying, “hum nay atom bomb bana liya, kaash kay hum phelay logon tak roti poncha detay…” (meaning it was better if we had thought of providing bread to everyone before making atom bomb).

For his information, Prophet Suleman (A.S) who had the vast kingdom in all prophets, tried to feed the humanity and failed in doing so and couldn’t fill the stomach of even one person.  Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), even in the hardest times, didn’t establish any charities but the system where orphans, poor, single/widow/divorced women, prisoners, strangers…everyone was facilitated with basic needs.  Providing people with luxuries has never been the task of any government.

In our society, no one minds these kind of thinking because this has become our most common mentality.  We should not expect anything better than this coming from the people who have been raised with a vision of Roti, Kapra and Makan?  Food, covering and shelter – even animals care about these basic needs and spend their life in sustaining them.  Some human beings are also born with this limited vision.  Filling someone’s stomach with few pieces of bread is the main purpose of their life.  Fine, nothing wrong with this.  For a normal human being, this is a perfect vision to dedicate their life to.

How has this vision effected our society?  A part of our society only cares about feasts and fashion.  Others die of hunger and rely upon the donations to get the minimum of what they need to survive.  A complete disproportion and instability.

Muslims are born with a Divine system in their hands – the system of justice, peace and basic human rights for everyone.  Providing others with basic necessities is a Muslim’s first priority in normal life but their life doesn’t end there.  Implementation of that system is the main purpose of their life and the time has witnessed them sacrificing their basic necessities to guard this system.  Even in the time of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) when common Muslims had to starve for days and they faced poverty for months, they never forgot to protect their people from external invasion.

To all those who are limited to this vision, “roti, kapra aur makan Musalmanon ki zaroorat aur ghulamon ka vision hoa kerti hay – Musalamanon ka vision justice and peace hoa kerta hay”. (food, Clothing, Shelter could be the vision of slaves or oppressed but for Muslims, these are the necessities to survive”.

To all those who are limited to the vision of authority of people on their lives, “authority sirf Allah (SWT) ki hay, logon ke liye choices and limitations hain aur jub wo limitations cross karain gay, inhi halaat se guzrain gay jo aaj Pakistan aur khas ker Karachi main hain” (authority belongs to Allah (SWT)…people have no authority on their lives but few choices along with certain restrictions and limitations”.

Now why people are silent even at this time is only the result of the wrong philosophy of humanity and the above mentioned visions that our thinkers, writers, poets and well-known wise individuals have been preaching for years.  Their preachings have diverted people from the teachings of Islam, from the vision of Iqbal which enabled us to establish Pakistan, from the message of Quaid-e-Azam which we have totally ignored like his great efforts.

People who are leaving Karachi or Pakistan are not in search of a system but in search of food, clothing and shelter.  They don’t care if wine, adultery, prostitution, ribah, gambling, vulgarity are the roots of foreign system and might affect their generations.  Here in Pakistan, they torture and kill for love marriages in different Muslim communities.  There in foreign lands, they don’t even investigate if their daughter-in-law was a legitimate child.  Here they would never accept their sons driving taxi or rickshaw after receiving bachelor’s degree.  Their they don’t mind if he earns from a bar or a casino.

For provisions, Allah (SWT) says at so many places in Quran, He provides them to you all as He wills or equal to the efforts you make.  We create our own opportunities to earn provisions.  What He orders in Qur’an should be our vision and mission.

“O ye who believe! bow down, prostrate yourselves, and adore your Lord; and do good; that ye may prosper.  And strive in His cause as ye ought to strive, (with sincerity and under discipline). He has chosen you, and has imposed no difficulties on you in religion; it is the cult of your father Abraham. It is He Who has named you Muslims, both before and in this (Revelation); that the Messenger may be a witness for you, and ye be witnesses for mankind! So establish regular Prayer, give regular Charity, and hold fast to Allah. He is your Protector – the Best to protect and the Best to help!”  Surah Al-Hajj 77/78

“O ye who believe! stand out firmly for justice, as witnesses to Allah, even as against yourselves, or your parents, or your kin, and whether it be (against) rich or poor: for Allah can best protect both. Follow not the lusts (of your hearts), lest ye swerve, and if ye distort (justice) or decline to do justice, verily Allah is well- acquainted with all that ye do”… Surah An-Nisa/Women 135

May Allah (SWT) guide us all to the right path, the path of those who were successful and not of those who indulged in the worldly desires and lost the Akhirah.  Ameen!

Salam Iqbal and Jinnah

It was 1400 years ago, when Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was born in the land ruled by disbelievers.  In 23 years, he converted the entire region into the first Ideological Islamic State of the world.

After 1400 years, Allama Iqbal and Muhammad Ali Jinnah were born in the land of Hindus (Hindustan) and in couple of decades they succeeded in introducing the concept of another ideological Islamic State and in making their birth places part of it.  The establishment of Pakistan in those chaotic circumstances assures the possibility of many Islamic State around the world.

Muslims cannot compromise on their freedom.  They are not allowed to oppress others.  Also they cannot choose to live under oppression.  Migration is just a temporary way out.  Muslim is not the name of an individual or a family, Muslim is the title of a nation – that is people united by Faith, Unity and Discipline.  Not the personal freedom, but free homeland for Muslims is a Muslim’s ultimate goal.

May Allah (SWT) shower His peace and blessing upon Allama Iqbal, Quaid-e-Azam and every single soul who sacrificed everything for Pakistan.  Ameen!

Blessed be the sacred Land
Happy be the bounteous realm
Symbol of high resolve
Land of Pakistan
Blessed be thou citadel of faith

The order of this sacred land
Is the might of the brotherhood of the People
May the nation, the country, and the state
Shine in glory everlasting
Blessed be the goal of our ambition

This Flag of the Crescent and Star
Leads the way to progress and perfection

Interpreter of our past, glory of our present
Inspiration of our future
Symbol of Almighty’s protection

PAKISTAN ZINDABAD!

Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Mullah ko jo hay Hind main sajday ki ijazat, nadan ye samajhta hay kay Islam hay azaad. (Allama Iqbal)

(ex-Pakistanis ko jo hay non-Muslim countries main sajday ki ijazat…becharay ye samajhtay hain kay wo hogaye azaad ya phir ho gaye bohat achay Musalman…….bachoo itnay araam say mazay nahi lootnay dengay apnay system kay…purday per to ban shuroo ho gaya hay.)

The establishment of East India Company in 1600, since then the battles in different states to free Indian Subcontinent from British rule, then the Freedom War of 1857, then the concept of Muslims as a nation by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan and educational movements, then the movement of Khilafah, then the concept of Muslims as a unique nation by Dr. Muhammad Iqbal (Allama Iqbal), then the movement of separate state for Muslims and finally the establishment of Pakistan under Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah’s leadership.

The history is so bloody, hence so simple to understand.

But our jealous mullahs and religious minded people who for some unknown reason keep inheriting the characteristic of being NARROW MINDED don’t get the point that it was supposed to happen like this.  God is there to judge who was wrong or right and He has fixed a day for that which is called THE DAY OF JUDGEMENT.

Why do they only point their fingers at Mr. Jinnah for their failure?  Did Mr. Jinnah divide Muslim ummah into sects and religious groups we are still suffering for?  Did he ever gather people in the name of religion and enjoyed HALWAY MANDAY?  Did he ever get involved in religious debates (manazray) which actually provoked Muslims to fight with each other?  Did Mr. Jinnah advise Mughal Emperors to rule like ignorant?  Did Mr. Jinnah play any role in perishing Khilafah?  Did he ask people to add Quaid-e-Azam with his name like mullahs add “MAULANA or ALLAMA”?

That innocent man along with millions of innocent Muslims including influential personalities of that time understood the ideology presented by Allama Iqbal – Muslims and Hindus are separate nation and they can’t live together.  In less than ten years, they all achieved Pakistan as a separate homeland.

(I know, people will say they could have like they live in America and other non-Muslim countries.  Yes, I agree, they could have but only if they had tolerated non-Islamic things, like they tolerate and don’t raise voice against open prostitution, wine, swine, open gambling, vulgarity in America and other non-Muslim countries.  And in South Asian region, this kind of living is titled as BEGHAIRTI.  I don’t know who is right, the one who call this BEGHAIRTI or those who call this tolerance.)

What mullahs and religious scholars couldn’t do for years – gathering Muslims on one platform and achieve any goal.  Mr. Jinnah and his team did that in less than ten years.  This is why mullahs, most religious people, most ex-Paksitanis and anti-Pakistan people are jealous of Quaid-e-Azam.  And that is why when they fail to do anything in Pakistan, they run away blaming Quaid-e-Azam.  “naach na janay, angan terah….khud kuch ker na sakay to Pakistan ghalat bana”.

Muslims ruled the Subcontinent for centuries but they never bothered to change the name “Hindustan/The Land of Hindus”.  Mullahs and Maulanas were also satisfied with that.  Naam azad, zehniyat ghulaamana.  Pata nahi aik azad Islamic state sey bohat sey Musalmanon ko chir kiyon hay.  Doosron kay mulkon main, non-Islamic system key under ghulami ko azadi samjhtay hain.

And finally Mr. Abul Kalam Azad, you and Mr. Jinnah both had the plan for Muslims of the Subcontinent.  God, Muslim leaders and Muslim masses – they all supported Quaid-e-Azam and rejected yours.  Was that really Mr. Jinnah’s fault?  PLEASE ANSWER ME IF YOU ARE NOT BUSY PROVOKING THE ANGLES AGAINST Mr. JINNAH.

PES

Pakistan Environmental Studies- 1:  Introduction

Earth is made up of hard and soft elements known as natural resources.  Some are found on the surface, in the air, under the oceans and many of them exist inside the earth.  Each element is a treasure, a blessing from our Lord Almighty.  Thus we all are dependent upon His mercy in each and every second of our lives.

یہ کرہ ارض جو اربوں لوگوں کا اس کائنات میں واحد گھر ہے۔۔۔ مختلف قسم کےعناصر سے مل کربنا ہے۔۔۔ کچھہ زمین کی سطح پر, کچھہ ہوا میں اور بہت سارے زیر زمین یا سمندروں میں۔۔۔ یہ سب کے سب الله کی نعمتیں اور اسکی رحمتوں کی نشانیاں ہیں۔۔۔ اس لحاظ سے ہم سب ایک ایک لمحہ الله کی رحمت پر زندہ ہیں۔۔۔

“When the earth is shaken to her (utmost) convulsion, and the earth throws up her  burdens (from within)”…..(Surah Az-Zilzal/The Earthquake)

“(It is) a Day whereon men will be like moths scattered about, and the mountains will be like carded wool”….(Surah Al-Qaari’a/The Calamity, The disaster)

“When the sun (with its spacious light) is folded up:  When the stars fall, losing their lustre:  When the mountains vanish (like a mirage);  When the she-camels, ten months with young, are left untended;  When the wild beasts are herded together (in the human habitations);  When the oceans boil over with a swell;”….. (Surah At-Takweer/The Overthrowing, Extinguished – Wrapping up Things)

“Then, when one blast is sounded on the Trumpet, and the earth is moved, and its mountains, and they are crushed to powder at one stroke”…… (Surah Al-Haa’qah/The Reality)

As a child and a teenager, I believed that the final hour (Yaum-ul-Hashr) will just occur suddenly in one hour time as we measure it by sixty minutes or three hundred and sixty seconds.  I was really terrified to imagine that how such an enormous system of life will be destroyed in few moments.  Then I was relaxed by some ahadith mentioning the signs of the end of the time.  I developed satisfactory feelings that at least I won’t be alive to face the calamities of the final hour as they will happen one by one.  The pleasure didn’t last for long.  The explanation of this couplet of Iqbal snatched away all my thoughtful comfort forever, producing a tremble that we are passing through the final hour.

یہ گھڑی محشر کی ہے تو عرصہ محشر میں ہے۔۔۔ پیش کر غافل عمل کوئی اگر دفتر میں ہے۔۔۔

The famous explanations describe the final hour as the time between the era of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and last sign that is the sun will rise from the west.  The catastrophes will go through different phases all interlinked and each generation will be the witness to the tribulations of their own time.  Each blaming the previous one for creating the mess ignoring their own participation in it’s progress.

Tsunamis, earthquakes, floods, melting glaciers, rising sea-levels, extinction of species of birds and animals and of forest as well, barren lands promising hunger…and the most of all, the deadly armaments.  Just a quick look at the causes of current environmental threats will reveal the most hideous facts to the people of wisdom that human beings are behind all this mess and have caused the signs of Hashr to happen so consistently and are energized for it’s accession.

Every nation, every religious group, every political party, every community, every criminal, both human genders, all are fueled up with the determination of wiping off each other from the face of the earth.  Failed in saving everything, I don’t know how do we succeed in reproducing human blood to shed for this purpose?

Men in explosions are scattered like moths.  Hills are broken to pebbles for construction.  Mountains are losing strength for nuclear explosions and are turning into dust-powder by bombardments.  The oceans’ surface are heating up.  Wild beasts are jailed in cages in human populations.  Earth vibrates and shakes with digging and drilling, spilling out it’s hidden treasures, revealing fossils to tell the stories that were buried in there long time ago.

 

Pakistan Environmental Studies – 2:

Allah (SWT) has gifted the world with natural resources of both kinds; renewable such as fruits and vegetables, cotton, meat, poultry, plants, flowers, trees, honey, herbs, solar energy and non-renewable such as fossil fuels (coal, petroleum, oil and natural gas), rocks, stones, gems, marble, many minerals and nuclear power.

The products manufactured by the reproducible resources can be prepared in proportionate to their usage, such as food products, medicines, skin products, cosmetics, vegetable oil, vegetable shortening, milk, wool, wax/candle, fabric, leather, paper, pencils, rubber, wood furniture, etc.

Other natural resources that may not be reproduced easily but possess energy to reproduce their product i.e. electricity are water and wind.  Wind Energy helps in generating electricity.  Hydrogen Energy generates electricity through flow of water.  Geothermal power generates electricity from the steam of heated water.  Bio Energy through plant materials and landfill or animals waste can help in producing heat and electricity.   Ocean Energy is helpful in producing electricity from the power of waves and trapping water in dams  by tidal energy.  Solar Energy produces steam (hot water) and electricity.

Non-renewable resources cannot be reproduced so people must be very careful about relying upon them.  They are present in a fix quantity.  Once they are used up, they can’t be replaced or refined to their original state.  They need to be replaced with reproducible alternatives before facing issues of scarcity.

Pakistan is blessed with all kind of natural treasures out of which the most precious is its fertile lands.  Being an agricultural country, it could have developed a very strong economic hold in the region and internationally.  Unfortunately, the land has been a victim of environmental damages caused by the negligence of its own citizens.  Polluting air, land and water is not the only sin that they have committed but are also guilty of destroying their agricultural fields and forests which could have been the main source to provide “roti, kapra and makan”.

Another interesting aspect of most of the non-reproducible items is that they are solid and are the part of the earth.  They make the mass of this rocky planet.  They exist in form of layers or filling up the inside of the ball people are living upon.  They are present in a proportionate to the geographical features of different areas both inside and on surface.  Mines are dug with the purpose to scarp them out.  Once these solid layers are removed, they leave a gap or a hollow space.  These kind of spaces can cause a collapse of the surface, shredding the size or dis-balance in it’s geological shape.  Just imagine a hard spinning ball made up of different solid materials and then it is extracted to build some long, wide, tall, heavy features on the its surface.  Now empty or semi-hollow from inside, would it be able to move as smoothly as it was before?  Would the surface be as steady as it was or will have chances of breaking up due to the burden on its surface?

http://www.islamfrominside.com/Pages/Articles/Ecology%20Environment%20and%20Islam.html

http://www.arpnjournals.com/jabs/research_papers/jabs_0806_14.pdf……… (M. S. Sarir1 and M. Ilyas Durrani1
1Department of Soil and Environmental Sciences, NWFP Agricultural University, Peshawar, Pakistan)

http://www.usislam.org/95earth.htm

 

Pakistan Environmental Studies – 3

Farming, Forestry, Fishing, Gardening:

So lets talk about the renewable resources.  They consist of two main types of living things; plants and animals.  Fruits and vegetables, flowers and trees, plants and herbs, crops, birds and animals, insects, sea animals.  They are very common and very important for us.

Since the beginning, all human activities have been based upon filling the stomach, covering the bodies and finding a roof to live under.  For centuries, men were accustomed to nature.  Human populations traveled and chose to live near water sources and woods.  Farm animals were part of their lives.  They were skilled in hunting.  They grew their own food.  They exchanged commodities for goods and services.  They didn’t have any tax system.  Their particular tribes were their sole interest to be loyal to.

If I am not wrong, it is Islam which introduced the concept of gathering tribes and nations as one human community, known as universal brotherhood.  Feeding in mind how different communities can be more useful to each other under the system of justice and equality, exchanging commodities, knowledge and skills, Islam prevailed.

Time has changed.  Skipping the causes of chaos, hatred and division, the reality that humans are facing right now is that, politically, they live inside fixed boundaries.  They can’t travel around as freely as did their past generations.  Economically, they are categorized in communities by profession.  The members of each profession are dependent upon others for their survival.  Socially, many families are recognized by their family talent, such as tailor, milkman, farmer, embroider, mason, gardener, goldsmith, iron-smith, butcher, confectioner, carpenter, weaver, driver etc.  Individuals are introduced by the occupation they choose, such as a physician, an engineer, a journalist, a writer, a singer, an actor, a teacher, a banker, a businessman etc.   They live under one government.  They all pay taxes to the government.  Their tax money is used to build infrastructure for everyone’s benefits.

Now, nothing exists anymore as a free land to travel to and occupy it to gain individual or tribal benefits or even for financial reasons.  Traveling means to live among other groups of people, respecting and not disturbing their way of life.

The world has become more economic as anything people desire to do cost them money.  People buy and sell and that balances the finance.  The economic activities that are based upon renewable resources and/or the products that are made from them is more reliable for stability than which involves the non-renewable material.  That is because they regrow.

Forestation, farming, gardening are good for health, give food for people and animals, provide habitat for birds and animals, supply ingredients for medicines and cosmetics.  They are part of our faith, a form of worshiping God Almighty as Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said, “planting trees is ibadah”.

Wood as a reproducible item means a lot to our lives.  Wooden industry creates long-term jobs and has a wide room for innovation.  The wooden products are light weight for shipment, are recyclable and easily disposable.

Flowers are not only a symbol of beauty but they do contain substance for beauty products.  Honey is their healthiest food product.  Wax from honey combs is used for making candles for light.

The solution to food crisis and unemployment simply lies in growing more and more food and focusing on animal agriculture.  Farming not only satisfies the basic food requirements but also sustains industries with the purpose of manufacturing food based products.  Wool and leather are two very common and very important worldwide commodities.

A country like Pakistan which is blessed with more than forty-five big and small rivers and streams and a long and alive coastal line should have no excuse for lacking fishing harbors and their related activities.

The entire textile and fashion industry depends upon cotton crops.  Hotels, restaurants and caterers cannot survive without a reasonable supply from live stocks and poultry farms.  The educational system anywhere is founded upon the use of paper and pencils, which cannot be prepared without trees.

Problems in Pakistan:

1) Agriculture, fishing, forestry and livestock sector are still run by non-educated part of our population.  They are still not reached and supported by experts and researchers of those fields.  Their educated consumers don’t take part in solving their problems at any level.

2) The entire educational system is missing subject/courses related to reproduction of food and animals.

3) The educated minority mostly consists of professionals with community services.  They provide services by eating food, using herbal supplies, wearing uniforms, using stationary items, prescribing medicines, building houses, driving vehicles, delivering mails and packages, using computers — whatever they are using, they buy it, don’t grow the resources.

4) Feudal system and lack of interest of educated people has resulted in moving villagers to main cities.  Their migration has caused two simultaneous effects on our economy; decreasing food producers, increasing food consumers along with beggary, homelessness and health problems.

 

 

 

Muslim’s interest in settling affairs

“Muslim’s existence is all due to their faith.  Through Equality and Justice they can saturate.  Preferring geographical, tribal, foundations, they disintegrate.  Mourning over blood they shed to separate.”

It wasn’t a long ago when People’s Party, Nawaz Sharif Party and Jamat-e-Islami claimed that they represent the voice of one hundred and sixty million people.  Now they only talk about eliminating corruption.  MQM, PTI and APML have appeared on the scene, not with the same declaration but an assumption that they will succeed in healing this wounded nation.  MQM’s ideology and methodology to gain power, even with a shimmering display of their only show-piece Mustafa Kamal, is a threat to the ideology of Pakistan.

Just like other Muslim populations of the world, people of Pakistan have also been betrayed by their beloved-elected politicians many times.  They seem overwhelmed by the joyous crowd of many Muslim countries who stood against their “once-beloved-to-them” elected dictators.  Husni Mubarak and Zen Ali are gone.  Qaddhafi is losing his control.  Other Muslim countries in Africa and Middle East are following their trail.  I wonder how will these poor, pathetic common Muslims will settle their affairs.

Pakistan due to it’s political instability is expected to join them soon.  Following countries share the boundaries, region and history.   How are we going to proceed towards a change?  What if we get rid of the politicians?  Who will replace these animals…..the religious mosters…Jamat-e-Islami, JUI, Dawat-e-Islami, Shiite group, Sunni group etc…..?  These groups are arrogant and full of hatred.  They can sell whole Pakistan over a tiny piece of land where they can continue their mockeries in the name of religion.  On borders we are trapped by Afghanis who have a long history of their brutal warlords and have already created a hell inside our boundaries.  We should expect not a bit of mercy from MQM’s favourite and allies of Afghan warriors “The Indians”.

Algeria, an African republic of thirty six million people were declared free in 1962 from French occupation since 1830.

Bahrain, a rightful description of Quranic/Arabic word “bahrain” meaning two seas.  The islands now bearing a population of only 1.3 million people got independence from Persia in 1783 and remained as a British colony till August 15, 1971.

Egypt, the land of ancient civilizations, the most important geographical feature of Islamic history is now a country of eighty million people.  They achieved their first independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1867.  After been through many revolts, it was finally declared the republic on June 18, 1953 and has been under the emergency law since then.

Libya, a homeland to almost seven million people, was a colony of Italy before World War II.  In 1943-1947, France and United Kingdom controlled the area.  On December 24, 1951, it was declared the Kingdom of Libya by Idris As-Senussi.  September 1, 1969, Muammar Abu-Minyar Al-Qaddhafi led a coup against King Idris and ruled the country till now.  As of today, east part of Libyans are celebrating freedom from capital Tripoli.

Sudan, a country of over forty million people, got independence for Egypt and United Kingdom on January 1, 1956.  Being the most complicated kind of country, the people suffered the civil war for almost thirty five years (from 1955 to 1972 and then from 1983 to 1989), which now has resulted in the separation of Southern Sudan.

Tunisia, the land of almost eleven million people, was a French colony until March 20, 1956.  In January 2011, people gained freedom from their own many times elected President Zen Al-Abedine El-Ali.

Yemen, another country consisted of many islands and twenty-four million people was unified on May 22, 1990.  This is perhaps the only example of unification of two territories; the North Yemen got independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1918 while the South Yemen were liberated from United Kingdom in 1967.

Had common Muslim ever taken interest in settling political, religious and foreign affairs instead of demanding just “roti, kapra, makan or position”, they had not confronted such miseries.

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