October 31, 2010 5 Comments
State in Political Science or Political Sense:
1) Population or People, 2) Land or Territory, 3) Government or the administrating body and 4) Sovereignty or the freedom to make decisions….are the four elements/factors that are necessary for the establishment of a state. Missing anyone, the other three cannot be defined and identified as a state. All these factors must be in compliance with each other to maintain peace in it’s environment. State should not be compared or mixed-up with the factors that it is made up of. No matter how powerful and organized they are, alone, these elements would not be honoured as a state.
A state is formed when a group of people on common grounds avail a piece of land with a fixed boundary. They elect reliable and efficient individuals to work for their betterment, to assure justice to prevail, to keep an eye on their internal and external affairs and to represent the entire population outside their boundaries. For showing the ability of good governance, this group of elected individuals forms the government. The co-ordination between people and their representatives (government) entitles the state, which in this case would be known as the land, to be sovereign. So in brief, people, land and government are the physical elements while sovereignty is an ideal and it depends upon 1) how much powerful and united are the people to defend their rights and land and 2) how wise are they in electing their representatives. State is an abstract in the absence of either or all basic elements, otherwise it is concrete. It does not exist unless people and land are there to represent it.
The state is also defined as a political orgnization, a land where people of mutual interests form a government and are free to make decisions. State is dependable upon it’s citizens for it’s existence, that is why it is necessary for all it’s citizens to be politically wise and correct so they can choose a good governing team among them to run the state affairs. In this case, people hold the sovereignty to make all the decisions, they have a right to elect or reject the individuals they choose to govern them.
Is Pakistan a state?
*Having a reasonable population, fixed land with a definite boundary, elected government and sovereignty (has an established and strong army for their defence); Pakistan fulfills the criteria thus is recognized as a state.
Prior to 14th of August, 1947, a majority of Muslims living in the Subcontinent (commonly known as Hindustan) believed that all their basic human rights were literally abused by the British rulers and Hindu majority. Their common agenda and common interests got them united and under the leadership of Quaid-e-Azam and his team (the elected governing body of that time), they availed the land called Pakistan. Muslims disregarded their differences and trusted Quaid-e-Azam, Mohammad Ali Jinnah to be their leader, law-maker and the head of the state. Not an O’ Level (ordinary) but an extra-ordinary performance by the leaders of the Pakistan movement, their workers and the common people claimed the land to be sovereign.
Similarly, the Muslims living in Makkah were tortured and abused by all means up to the extreme that they had to migrate from there. Fortunately, they were welcomed by the inhabitants of Madinah. They were offered the land, resources and possessions and then on common grounds, under the most sacred and the most efficient leadership of the Prophet (S.A.W), they established a state. Sovereignty was there, for the people (disregarding their differences, by heart or willingly) chose the Prophet (S.A.W) to be their leader/king/ruler/head of the state/law-maker/judge/commander-in-chief etc.
What would have happened if the people had rejected the Prophet (S.A.W) to be their leader and the governing body?
What would have happened if the people had not selected Quaid-e-Azam to be their leader?
State in Islamic Sense:
1) People are the most important factor of a state and their welfare (smooth provision of basic necessities) and betterment (opportunities) regardless of any discrimination is the base of it’s foundation. In that sense, there is no difference between a secular and an Islamic state.
2) It is people from where all kind of professionals sprout, such as leaders, politicians, political workers, police, judges, lawyers, scientists, philosophers, historians, poets, authors, writers, journalists, teachers, doctors, nurses, engineers, tailors, manufacturers, businessmen, farmers, postmen, sweepers, street hawkers, etc. They are there to serve each other (not to entertain) in different forms. They all need to be provided with education (professional training) and healthy environment for better service. Again, education and healthy environment are the basic objectives of both secular and Islamic state.
3) People choose people to build a system and create an environment where justice prevails and their lives, possessions, properties and rights are not threatened or abused by any internal or external elements. Both secular and Islamic states are obliged to do that.
The difference between the two states could be, 1) who should hold the sovereignty/supreme power? 2) how should people choose their leader, based on what criteria?………..
In a secular state, people make decisions according to their likes and dislikes and finally the majority rules whether the minority likes it or not. In an Islamic state, God is considered the Supreme Authority and He decides what is good or bad for people whether the people like it or not. So the entire system in an Islamic state is designed according to God’s will.
In a secular state, people choose individuals to make laws according to their will and elect individuals to form an administration to implement those laws. In an Islamic state, people choose individuals who can implement the laws ordained by Shari’ah (Qur’an and Sunnah). If there is a need, new laws can be designed but they must not be in contradiction with the divine laws.
In an Islamic state, people’s top priority is the implementation of Islamic laws and their personal or common interests don’t cross the limits fixed by the Shari’ah…….because people have faith that Qur’an is an absolute solution to all their problems and the Qur’anic system ensures peace, prosperity and justice.
In an Islamic state, politics and religion are not separate. Religion is the form of particular rituals or forms of worship which distinguish faith of one from another. Politics is the process of governing a group of people in an organized way. Islam is not just a religion but a complete way of life or I would say religion and politics are the two important factors of Islam, which are not contrary to each other nor they interrupt or intercept each other at any point.
Is Pakistan an Islamic state?
With an absolute YES, Pakistan, in it’s nature, is an Islamic state and Islam is her identity…….because the whole movement from the two-nation theory to the achievement of a separate land was run and organized by Muslims. Later on, non-Muslims also joined the hands but the objectives of the movement remained same. Muslims succeeded because of their common agenda “The Pakistan/Lahore Resolution”.
Pakistan has survived though as a natural state but has lost her Islamic identity. External conspiracies and people’s ignorance in all aspects have stained Pakistan’s honour and identity in the international community. The political and religious criminals took the best advantage of the whole situation.
Is Pakistan a nation-state? May not be categorized as one.
Is Pakistan a failure state? Hmmm, may be….but not doomed.
THIS IS AN EXTRACT OF A HOME-DISCUSSION, CORRECT IF YOU FIND SOMETHING WRONG.