Theory of Islamic State
December 6, 2010 7 Comments
Abu’l Hasan Ali ibn Muhammad al-Mawardi (350-436 A.H/972-1058 A.D — age 86) was the first political thinker in the history of Islam. He was from Shafa’i fiqh. (Correction: The course book says 364 A.H/975 A.D… while http://www.wordiq.com/definition/Al-Mawardi mentions 448 after Hijra and Wikipedia says 972 A.D…The first Hijri year was 622 A.D…. The difference between 972 and 622 is 350, which means he was born in 350 A.H)
Abu Hamid Muhammad bin Muhammad bin Muhammad bin Ahmed al-Ghazali (436-489 A.H/1058-1111 A.D — age 53) was born near Tus in Iran. He wrote many books on political issues out of which “Ihya-ulUloom/The Revival of Religious Sciences” was his masterpiece.
Abu Zaid Abd ar-Rahman ibn Khaldun (710-784 A.H/1332-1406 A.D — 74) was born at Tunis in an Arab family. He was a historian, a political scientist, a scholar of Islamic law and the founder of the sciences of civilization or umran (as he called a new science) now known as sociology. (Correction: The course book says 724 A.H while Wikipedia and http://www.muslimphilosophy.com/ik/klf.htm say 732 A.H…the difference between 1332 and 622 is 710 which means he was born in 710 A.H)
Were these three the only political scientists or experts of Muslim ummah who dared to present a present the theory of an Islamic state? Al-Mawardi appeared as the first political thinker of Islam after a gap of more than three hundred years after the death of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) in 10 A.H/632 A.D. What were the Muslims doing during that time? 1406 to 2010 – 604 years have passed idle…or do we know any grand personalities who have made achievements on scholarly basis and gained international fame…Allama Iqbal (1255-1316 A.H/1877-1938 A.D — age 61), Maulana Mawdudi (1903-1979 A.D — age 76), Hurun Yahya, Shiekh Hamza Yusuf….. got a new name Hammad yousuf from Pakistan (http://metaexistence.org/timeline3.htm) as the philosopher and founder of MetaExistence school of thought and the presenter of a new political system against the Western one but couldn’t find more about it.
The fact is that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was the first political scientist and founder of a Islamic state. Then the first four caliphs contributed politically to improve the system and so on.
Al-Mawardi, Al-Ghazali and Ibn-Khaldun… Can Allama Iqbal be counted as the fourth political scientist/political thinker, why or why not? He wasn’t only a poet or a thinker or a philosopher. He was a scholar of Qur’an as he explained it in poetic form and that distinguishes him from all other scholars…a better scholar that he argued with his father regarding the change of faith and convinced him. He knew the languages. He knew the history. He was a political scientist, the presenter of a political theory….the ideology which helped in forming the world’s largest Islamic state. The whole political movement of Pakistan was based upon his theory.
The spirit of 1947 can be revived not only by remembering and mourning over the sacrifices of the common Muslims, but also by recalling the theory, the ideology, by discussing different aspects of the movement in the classrooms.