Fathers in history

 

 ایک ایسا وقت بھی گذرا تھا, اس بستی کے ہر کوچے پر

 جب کوئی بھی تصویرنہ تھی, اس کرہ ارض کے پردے پر

جب دنیا خالی خالی تھی, سناٹا تھا, ویرانی تھی

بابا آدم, ماں حوا کو, یہاں خلقت ایک بسانی تھی

یہ جوڑا تھا انسانوں کا, اعلی ادنی مطلوب نہیں 

رشتے میں بندھ کر آئے تھے, صرف عورت مرد کا روپ نہیں

تابعداری, نا فرمانی۔۔۔ ہر حال کے تھے سنگھی ساتھی 

دن عیش کے ساتھہ ہی دیکھے تھے, پھر سزا بھی ساتھہ میں ہی کاٹی

دو انساں کیسے جیتے ہیں, روتے روتے ہنستے ہنستے

حوا شوہر پر جاں دیتیں, وہ بیوی کے دیوانے تھے

وہ داعی چین سکون کے تھے, وہ مساوات کے حامی تھے

وہ جب بچے پیدا کرتے, اک لڑکا اک لڑکی ہوتے

آغاز تھا یہ انسانوں کا, جنھیں کائنات سب تکتی تھی

شوہر بیوی, اماں ابا, بھائی بہنا, بیٹا بیٹی

***

پھر ایسا وقت بھی آیا کہ جب عورت بے توقیر ہوئی 

سارہ اور ہاجرہ بھول گئیں, مریم کی بھی تحقیر ہوئی

پھر لے کر پیار محبت کا, پیغام رسول الله آئے

جو مردوں کے تو باپ نہیں, بیٹی کے والد کہلائے

اپنی بیٹی کی عزت کو, خود آپ کھڑے ہوجاتے تھے

اوروں کی بیٹیوں کے دکھہ پر, کڑھتے اور اشک بہاتے تھے

وہ جنکا فرض عیادت تھا, ایک غیر, یہودی عورت کی

سامان اٹھاتے تھے اسکا جو ان سے نفرت کرتی تھی  

سمجھاتے تھے یہ امت کو, بیٹی رحمت, بیٹی عصمت

کیوں بیٹی زندہ دفن کرو, بیٹی پالو, پالو جنت

فرماتے تھے کہ قابل حب,  مجھے مشک, نماز اور عورت ہیں 

عورت کو جو کمتر جانیں, کیا پھر بھی شامل امت ہیں

*** 

وہ وقت بھی آخر کار آیا, انسانیت پامال ہوئی

مردوں پہ غلامی چھائی, عورت ذلت سے بے حال ہوئی

تو قائداعظم  نے آکر, کچھہ یوں سب پر احسان کیا

بن کر بابائے قوم, مسلمانوں کو پاکستان دیا 

دنیا کو جناح نے سکھلایا, بہنیں تقدیر بدلتی ہیں

اور بھائی کا بازو بن کر, ہر مشن پہ ساتھہ نکلتی ہیں

مائیں بہنیں بیوی بیٹی, گونگی بہری تصویر نہیں

یہ قدم ملا کر ساتھہ چلیں, یہ پیروں کی زنجیر نہیں

فرمایا قائداعظم نے, کوئی قوم ترقی کر نہ سکے

جب تک عورت کو ساتھہ نہ لے, جب تک عورت کا ساتھہ نہ دے

How many fathers do I have in history?

Prophet Adam (peace be upon him), the father of entire human species;

Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) – the father of daughters, not sons (as it is said in Qur’an) – who told me about my rights;

Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the ‘Father of Nation’;

and my biological father, who was the cause of my birth and raised me up;

and then my spiritual fathers, who became the source of guidance.

The first three names are alive but the world has lost them as a character.  They did not appear as a dominating gender but as a partner to their females.  They co-operated, changed the history and influenced the mankind.

I wonder what language did father Adam and mother Hawwa/Eve (peace be upon both of them) speak in Paradise?  How were they sent to earth?  How they felt for being the first human-couple on earth?  How did they feel about beginning human history on earth?  Did they behave like today’s husbands and wives?

I also wonder why did Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) mention women ‘worth loving’, like perfume and prayer/namaz?  He smiled to his wives, discussed matters with them, helped them.  He stood up in respect for his daughter.  He listened to women’s complaints and favoured them against their husbands.  He even visited a sick Jewish woman to know how is she feeling.  He never raised his voice against any woman whether known or strange.

Quaid-e-Azam said that no nation can rise unless their women stand side by side to their men.

The world is not Adamic  anymore.  It has been divided into groups, tribes, nations, race, gender, faith, cultures,  relations and connections – it is not the matter of ‘right and wrong’ anymore – nothing right now seems to unite them, not even Islam as it is redefined by various religious groups.  Women everywhere are in search of their status in society.  Thinking of them as a competitor or a rival, they have lost their own identity.  The identity of being a human being and act like one and a slave of the God Almighty and behave like one.

Why do women go to men to know about their status and rights in Islam, why don’t they find out themselves, why do men have to define things for them?


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Ummah – Nation

THE WORD ‘UMMAH’ IN QUR’AN

1) Common Origin of The World Population:

“Mankind was one single nation (ummah), and Allah sent Messengers with glad tidings and warnings; and with them He sent the Book in truth, to judge between people in matters wherein they differed;”….. Surah Al-Baqarah/The Cow 213

Mankind was but one ummah, but differed (later). Had it not been for a Word that went forth before from your Lord, their differences would have been settled between them”….. Surah Younus/The Jonah 19

In Islam, Prophet Adam (peace be upon him) is believed to be the first human being created by God Almighty, later on accompanied by Hawwa (A.S).  He was also the first man on earth and the first Prophet (the man with guidance) for his generations.  It doesn’t matter what scientists figure out about the beginning of the human history. Whichever the era it was, Prophet Adam (peace be upon him) was certainly the man to produce human species.

 

2) Common Origin of All Religions:

“The same religion has He established for you as that which He enjoined on Noah – the which We have sent by inspiration to you – and that which We enjoined on Abraham, Moses, and Jesus: Namely, that you should remain steadfast in religion, and make no divisions therein:”…. Surah Ash-Shura/The Council 13

According to Islamic teachings, all Prophets from Prophet Adam (peace be upon him) to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) preached the same message which was the message of Islam.  Islam literally means ‘peace’ and ‘submission’/’to surrender’.  So their purpose was same and that was to keep nations and societies peaceful and convince people to accept the guidance (general teachings) and guideline (laws) from their Lord.  The difference that we see in Prophets’ guidelines was not of the fundamental teachings but due to their appointment in different eras and under different conditions.

 

3) Freedom of Choice: 

“O mankind! We created you from a single (pair) of a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may recognize each other)”…. Surah Al-Hujraat/The Apartments 13

“If Allah so willed, He could make you all one people (ummah): But He leaves straying whom He pleases, and He guides whom He pleases: but you shall certainly be called to account for all your actions”……  Surah An-Nahl/The Bee 93

Allah (SWT) willingly put the differences between His creation; living and non-living, people and animals, men and women, races and tribes, guided and misguided, righteous and criminals, submissive and transgressors.  All are given a time calculated for them and at the end, they will be gathered for accountability.  People forgot about their origin and gave more importance to the conditions they were born in.  They conquered others to enslave them.  They fought over seizing resources.  Gradually they became either strangers or enemies to each other.

 

 4) Prophets by race/nations:

“To every people (ummah) was sent an apostle: when their apostle comes (before them), the matter will be judged between them with justice, and they will not be wronged”…… Surah Younus/Jonnah 47

To make their accountability easy and fruitful, Allah (SWT) appointed guided men in every nation.  Those guided men were from their own race or tribes so their people have no problem in understanding their teachings.

 

5) Universal Brotherhood:

“And verily this Brotherhood (ummah) of you all is a single Brotherhood (ummah), and I am your Lord and Cherisher: therefore fear Me (and no other)”…… Surah Mu’minoon/The Believers 52

The human history began with Prophet Adam (peace be upon him).  The chain of prophet-hood continued till Prophet Isa/Jesus (peace be upon him).  Each prophet was sent to their own people, reminded them of their origin.  The number is said to be one hundred and twenty four thousand.  That was a big number and almost all the nations till then had received the one unified message of peace.  That was “All mankind is created by Allah and will return to Him for accountability and reward or punishment.  So all nations should turn to Him in submission.”

Now what needed was to turn this unified call to nations and tribes into an international one.  So the message is conveyed from one single platform in form of one ultimately modified source of guidance meaning “Qur’an”.  God planned to do that through Arabs as they had descended from the same genealogical root of Prophet Ibraheem/Abraham (peace be upon him) as were Jews and Christians.  They both had the most prophets without any gap and had the knowledge of divine books.  Thus, had more ability to understand the message of Qur’an than any other nation.

 

6) Prophet with International Call to all mankind:

“Muhammad is not but a messenger.  Other messengers have passed on before him…” Surah Al-e-Imran/The Family of Imran 144

“Muhammad is not the father of anyone of your men, but he is the messenger of Allah and last of the Prophets.  And ever is Allah, of all things, Knowing”…Surah Al-Ahzaab/The Groups 40

“And those who believe and do righteous deeds and believe in what has been sent down upon Muhammad – and it is the truth from their Lord.  He will remove from them their misdeeds and amend their condition”….Surah Muhammad 2

“Muhammad is the messenger of Allah; and those with him are strong against the disbelievers, compassionate among themselves…” Surah Al-Fatha 29

“And when Jesus, the son of Mary said, “O Children of Israel, indeed I am the messenger of Allah to you confirming what came before me of the Torah and bringing good tidings of a messenger to come after me, whose name is Ahmed”… Surah As-Saff/The Ranks, The Battle Array 6

Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) not only preached but succeeded in establishing a state according to Divine Laws.  As he is the seal on prophet-hood, mankind doesn’t have to wait for any more prophets but to turn to him for guidance.  

So the name of Muhammad ibn Abadullah (peace be upon him) was selected to be the final Prophet of God.  Muhammad literally means “the praised one”.  He belonged to the noble family of Quresh tribe who were the descendants of Prophet Ibraheem’s son Prophet Ismaeel/Ishmael (peace be upon him).

His sons died in their infancy though, he is honoured by all believers and they love him more than their fathers.

 

7) The Criteria for being the best Ummah:

“You are the best of peoples (ummahs), evolved for mankind, enjoining what is right, forbidding what is wrong, and believing in Allah. If only the People of the Book had faith, it were best for them: among them are some who have faith, but most of them are perverted transgressors” ….Surah Ale-e-Imran/The Familly of Imran 110

So it is not only Muslims who were guided but there were believers among Christians and Jews.  The task given to us is to deliver right and forbid wrong (which in one term can be defined as ‘justice’).

 

8 ) Ka’abah, the center of Ummah’s Faith and Unity:

“Thus, have We made of you an Ummah justly balanced, that you might be witnesses over the nations, and the Messenger a witness over yourselves; and We appointed the Qibla, the which you were used to, only to test those who followed the Messenger from those who would turn on their heels (From the Faith). Indeed it was (A change) momentous, except to those guided by Allah. And never would Allah Make your faith of no effect. For Allah is to all people Most surely full of kindness, Most Merciful.  Surah Al-Baqarah/The Cow 143

The Muslim concept of ummah is not of race, tribe or nation.  Ummah in Islamic understanding is the group of people helping each other for one cause and one mission ordained according to the final revelation.  That one cause is to establish a system of peace, justice and equality at international level.  Ka’abah was made the sign of centralization as it was built by Prophet Ibraheem (peace be upon him), the common leader of three big religions; Islam, Christianity and Judaism.

 

9) One Ultimate Goal of Ummah or the Purpose of Globilization:

 “O you who believe! stand out firmly for justice, as witnesses to Allah, even as against yourselves, or your parents, or your kin, and whether it be (against) rich or poor: for Allah can best protect both. Follow not the lusts (of your hearts), lest you swerve, and if you distort (justice) or decline to do justice, verily Allah is well- acquainted with all that you do”…. Surah An-Nisa/The Women 135

One unified message from One Lord to the whole mankind, providing nations with a platform or a center which can be trusted for the deliverance of peace and justice – this is the actual and ultimate task of Muslims which they should have worked upon.

10) Muslim Ummah:

“The Believers are but a single Brotherhood (ummah): So make peace and reconciliation between your two (contending) brothers; and fear Allah, that ye may receive Mercy”… Surah Al-Hujraat/The Apartments 10

 

MUSLIM UMMAH – PEOPLE BY FAITH

Qur’an used the word ‘Ummah’ for community, nation, people, generation by ethnicity or tribes.  For Muslims, it is used as to define as people by faith.   Faith is more important for Muslims than their race and heritage.

Being the followers of the world’s second largest religion, comprising almost one-fourth of the world population with approximately 1.60 billion individuals, with possessing world’s all natural resources and Pakistan being a nuclear power – instead of being on the leading position, why are Muslims so oppressed?

There was a time when Africa was known as the Muslim continent.  Now sixty percent of the Muslim population lives in Asia.

Afghanistan, Algeria, Azerbaijan, Comoros, Djibouti, Iran, Jordan, Kuwait, Libya, Maldives, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Pakistan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, Tunisia, Turkey, Uzbekistan, Western Sahara and Yemen – these twenty three out of almost sixty Islamic countries have 95-100% Muslim population.

With such a big majority, what are the causes their low literacy rate, corruption and pollution? Why couldn’t they ever establish an Islamic welfare system in their territories? With the Muslims’ ratio of 1:4 to the world, why is the world so terrorized of Muslims – Why one Muslim failed in introducing Qur’an to three non-Muslims (not necessarily disbelievers) around him?

Fourteen hundred years have passed and the fundamentals of Islam are still hidden from the world.  What we see as ‘non-Muslims embracing Islam’ is not happening due to Muslim’s character but non-Muslim’s own interest and study of Qur’an.

 

Salam Iqbal and Jinnah

It was 1400 years ago, when Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was born in the land ruled by disbelievers.  In 23 years, he converted the entire region into the first Ideological Islamic State of the world.

After 1400 years, Allama Iqbal and Muhammad Ali Jinnah were born in the land of Hindus (Hindustan) and in couple of decades they succeeded in introducing the concept of another ideological Islamic State and in making their birth places part of it.  The establishment of Pakistan in those chaotic circumstances assures the possibility of many Islamic State around the world.

Muslims cannot compromise on their freedom.  They are not allowed to oppress others.  Also they cannot choose to live under oppression.  Migration is just a temporary way out.  Muslim is not the name of an individual or a family, Muslim is the title of a nation – that is people united by Faith, Unity and Discipline.  Not the personal freedom, but free homeland for Muslims is a Muslim’s ultimate goal.

May Allah (SWT) shower His peace and blessing upon Allama Iqbal, Quaid-e-Azam and every single soul who sacrificed everything for Pakistan.  Ameen!

Blessed be the sacred Land
Happy be the bounteous realm
Symbol of high resolve
Land of Pakistan
Blessed be thou citadel of faith

The order of this sacred land
Is the might of the brotherhood of the People
May the nation, the country, and the state
Shine in glory everlasting
Blessed be the goal of our ambition

This Flag of the Crescent and Star
Leads the way to progress and perfection

Interpreter of our past, glory of our present
Inspiration of our future
Symbol of Almighty’s protection

PAKISTAN ZINDABAD!

Was Prophet (pbuh) a failure?

Thirteen years of revolutionary period of Makkah under the leadership of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)  (13 to 1 B.H i.e.before Hijrah or 610-622 A.D)……. 10 years of first Islamic state by Prophet Muhammad (bpuh) under the divine guidance (1-10 A.H./622-632 A.D)……. and the thirty years of true Islamic caliphate by the four distinguished companions (10-40 A.H/ 632-661 A.D), which ended with the martyrdom of Ali ibn Abi Talib (may Allah be pleased with him)…. The total time period is summed up to forty years (fifty three years including 13 years of Makkan period).

These forty or let’s say fifty three years of early Islamic regime are cited by historians, Muslims and non-Muslims, as the most distinguished and the most brighten part of the many-millennium old human history.  Not in terms of forming and establishing a dynamic political government in such a short period but it’s extension to next thirty years is an ideal for any nation.  One unified government where peace and justice was guaranteed to common people without any distinction of elite and lower-classes.  Everyone was treated equally and had equal opportunity for progress.

However, some people may have a doubt that if that era was so incomparable and superlative in every aspect, why didn’t it last forever, why the system failed to the extent that it produced a massacre like Karbala in next twenty years?  Others blame the companions for being formidable and causing downfall.

To find a cure for these doubts, I referred to Qura’n and found this precious verse in Surah Al-Baqarah (256-257 right after Ayatul-Kursi), “Let there be no compulsion in religion; Truth stands out clear from Error:  whoever rejects evil and believes in Allah has grasped the most trustworthy hand-hold, that never breaks, and Allah hears and knows all things…Allah is the Protector of those who have faith; from the depths of darkness He will lead them forth into light.  Of those who reject faith, the patrons are the evil ones; from light, they will be led forth into the depths of darkness.  They will be companions of the fire, to dwell therein (Forever).”

Everything that Allah has created glorifies Him and obeys Him as according to their written destiny.  Only human beings and Genies are given freedom to live according to their choices.  No compulsion for them.  God will judge them on the basis of how or what kind of life they chose to live.

These two species have an instinct of living free of any control, want to do whatever they want.  This lust of freedom leads them to carelessness, selfishness, corruption, injustice, exploitation and wars.  That finally divides people into two categories; the oppressed and the oppressors.

God sent His apostles to save nations from the evils of this division, with a clear guideline that could help in reconciling matters in better and peaceful ways.  Each prophet was a role-model for their fellow-men.  Nations were given opportunity to follow their best men but unfortunately, they rejected them.  They followed the course of history in the same manner, i.e. first to live their own way, create a hell out of their worldly desires, wait for a messiah for correction, experience peace and justice for a little while, get sick and tired of pure and simple guideline, deny it and walk back to the previous track to create a hell even worse.

None of the prophets including our Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) promised that they are there to impose the laws, to force people to follow their path.   No matter how simple and the best the system was, they never claimed it to be long lasting.  Their purpose was to set an example if people want to succeed.

Those forty or fifty three years of early Islamic history was the final guideline for the people of the world, if they want to adopt it as their life-style without any compulsion.  The system wasn’t a failure one.  It was the people who failed to grasp the idea and proved themselves for not being worthy of leading it.  They repeated the history in the best way to suffer the worst of the consequences.  The system is promised to bring peace and prosperity.  Otherwise, as Qur’an says, “Let there be no compulsion in religion; Truth stands out clear from Error”.