Answers to Students’ Queries

Students are humans too.  They have brains to think and mind to judge.  They want to know about many things.  They want to discuss issues and express their opinions.

Q1) What is the link between social development and economic development?

Q2) Why do we have to learn all this?  What are we gonna do with it?

Ans) Let second go first.

Education is not just to finish syllabus, give exams and get a degree.

The reason you have to learn all this is that you have to learn how to live in this world.  Because if you don’t, people will live your life and you will have to be dependent upon people to live.

Right now you are relying upon your parents.  They are feeding you, they are buying you clothes, you live in their house.  They cannot do that forever.  After 10 or 15 years, you will have to take care of yourself.  You will have a family of your own.  How will you do that?

Now come to the first question.

Before understanding the terms and the link between them, just remember two things; first, you need money to buy necessities of life.  With more money, you can get luxuries you want.  Second, economic development does not prosper in a society which is not socially prepared for it.

Economic development is a process of gathering resources in order to generate more revenue, people of which are the key resource.

Economic development is not a convenience to work 9 to 5 and get salary at the end of the month.  It is to create a convenient environment for such conveniences.  People work 9 to 5 or flexible hours in offices, factories, hospitals, clinics, pharmacies, airports, seaports, schools, colleges, malls and shops, etc.  These places provide employment.  If they run properly, expand and make good profit, they can produce more job vacancies.

There are many people who do not want to work just 8 hours a day.  They want to earn more money than monthly salary.  They have saved some money and are capable of running a business.  If they own a shop or a factory or a clinic, they would need helpers.  That would create more jobs for people.

Television channels, radio stations, newspaper and magazines also contribute in job activities.

People also work at places owned by the government, such as electric and gas corporations, police department, public schools and colleges, government hospitals, national T.V. channel, national airline, etc.

Foreigners, the citizens of other countries, can also be good source of income.  They visit our country, pay for accommodation, do shopping and buy souvenirs.

It is people earn from people.  People employee people.  People are the part of any economic cycle.  People should know that they need each other, so they should try to be as helpful as they can in financial matters.

Social development is a process of organizing and utilizing human energies in a way that can satisfy their needs and desires.  It is a process of thinking and struggling for betterment in all aspects.

The true link between the two terms is that when you think about ‘better life’ (which is social development), you think of having money at the same time and how to avail it.  You look out for possibilities in your very surroundings or in a far place.  You find out that money making requires things that you must to consider; appearance, objectives, degree, skills, experience, job hours, working environment, nature of job/job description, attitude, moral values, job-manners, chances of learning more and earning more, etc.

People cannot be selected for jobs with inappropriate appearance.  They cannot keep a job or run a business if they are short-tempered, dishonest, disloyal, crooked and fraud and untrustworthy.

Just think about it.

Would your parents hire a tutor if he/she appears lousy, does not come on time and is not qualified for teaching?

Would you eat from a restaurant that is unhygienic and serves cheap quality food to customers?

Would people go to a doctor who’s clinic is dirty and he/she is not kind and expert in his profession?

Which shopkeeper would get more business, the one who does not weigh or measure accurately or the one who is honest?

How long can a crooked and fraud real estate agent, a sales person, a motor mechanic, a pharmacist or anyone run their business?  How will they end up finally?

Would foreigners visit your country if your streets and roads are full of dirt and garbage, there are no pleasing sights, historical landmarks are not maintained, or people are living a miserable life?

So, what is the conclusion?  You want business from world, you want world to respect you, you world to trust you – you will have to provide reasons for that or nothing will happen.

Social and Economic Development in Pakistan

Let’s start from where we are standing right now.  How optimistic are you, the students, about the working opportunities when you will complete your suggested course of study?  You are not living 50 or 60 years ago when families were fed on the earning of one person.  The unemployment rate was high at that time too but they survived because they were contented with whatever they had.  Their purpose of life was to give families “roti, kapra and makan”.  You are living at the same place but in a different era.  You are growing up in a competitive environment, domestically and internationally.  Your working field is not limited to your national boundaries.  It encompasses the entire globe and thus, you need to prepare yourself for global challenges to achieve your goals.

Before comparing yourself to the students of advanced countries and your life-style to their life-style, just do compare the opportunities too.  Students in foreign countries start working part-time at the age of 14 or 15.  By the age of 16, 17, 18, they have to live on their own, unless they agree to pay their share in rent, food and utilities.  They don’t bother their parents to have enough money for their wedding shopping, dowry and other events.  They celebrate what they can afford.  They don’t mourn and blame their parents if they can’t.  They are not after luxuries but what gives them pleasure and keeps them independent.  They take responsibility of their actions and behaviour.

In contrast, you take for granted all the favours done to you by your parents.  Remember, your parents are not your servants.  They have a right to live their lives too.  Having children and raising them up is not a life time confinement.  You have a right to stand for your rights but not at the cost of your parent’s earnings.  Your abilities to support yourself financially following all moral values would be the best proof to support your demand for freedom.






Unified Education in Pakistan

Unified educational system is in favour of common Pakistanis and is necessary for Pakistan’s peace and progress.  Those who are sincere to Pakistan must keep it a priority even if it take years in implementation.  It is going to be the most difficult task to gather the representatives of public schools, private schools, madrasahs, schools run by political figures, Agha Khan system, O’ Levels and home-schooling for the purpose to help in designing a unified syllabus from first to matriculation.

یکساں تعلیم کا کوئی بھی آئیڈیا فضول ہے اگر وہ عام لوگوں کو ملک کے سیاسی عمل میں حصہ لینے کا اوراقتدار کے ایوانوں تک پہنچنے کا موقع فراہم نہ کرے۔۔۔۔۔۔  لہذا پاکستان میں امن, ترقی, خوشحالی اور مضبوط  دفاعی طاقت کے لئے یکساں تعلیم کے ساتھہ ساتھہ  قوانین میں تبدیلی یا نئے قوانین ضروری ہیں۔۔۔

مثلا سیاسی عمل میں حصہ لینے کے لئے انٹرمیڈیٹ کے ساتھہ سیاسیات, بین الاقوامی تعلقات, معاشیات کا علم لازمی ہو۔۔۔ امیدوار لازمی طور پر حکومت پاکستان سے سند یافتہ ہو۔۔۔ لازمی طور پر پاکستانی قومیت رکھتا ہو۔۔۔ اپنے علاقے میں اسکا کردار کیا ہے۔۔۔ ذریعہ آمدنی, ذاتی اثاثے کیا ہیں۔۔۔

ایک یکساں یا قومی تعلیمی نظام کے لئے ضروری نہیں ہوتا کہ مضامین اور موضوعات سب کے لئے لازمی ہوں۔۔۔ بلکہ ایسا نظام تعلیم جس میں مختلف عقائد, مختلف نظریات اور مختلف زبان بولنے والوں کے لئے چوائس موجود ہو۔۔۔ اوریہ کسی کے لئے بھی علم وہنر سے متعلق بنیادی معلومات فراہم کرسکے۔۔۔ لیکن ہوں مرکزی حکومت کے کنٹرول میں۔۔۔
دنیا کا کوئی ملک اورکوئی نظام اس سے زیادہ یونیفائیڈ تعلیمی نظام نہیں دے سکتا۔۔۔

 اگر کسی جگہ کے لوگ ایک زبان بولتے ہوں, انکے عقائد ایک ہوں اور نظریات میں بھی فرق نہ ہو۔۔۔ اسکے باوجود بھی وہ اس سے زیادہ یکساں تعلیم کا تصور نہیں دے سکتے۔۔۔ کیونکہ بہرحال اگرانھوں دنیا کی باقی قوموں کے ساتھہ معاشی اور سیاسی روابط رکھنے ہیں توپھران کے نظام اور نظریات کو کسی حد تک اپنے تعلیمی نظام کا حصہ بنانا پڑے گا۔۔۔

اور یہ کوئی نیا آئیڈیا نہیں۔۔۔ دنیا کے بہت سے ملکوں میں موجود ہے ۔۔۔ اور غیر اسلامی بھی نہیں۔۔۔ 

کیا پاکستان میں مدرسے, سرکاری اسکول,  پرائیویٹ اسکول, آغا خان سسٹم, اولیولز, خیراتی اسکول, یتیم خانے, سیاسی شخصیات کے اسکول اور ہوم اسکولنگ مرکزی حکومت کے تحت کام نہیں کر سکتے۔۔۔۔۔۔۔۔۔ کرسکتے ہیں اگر بنیادی تعلیم کے علاوہ پرائیویٹ اسکولز کے مشکل, مہنگےاور درآمد شدہ سلیبس کو اور مدرسے کے کورسزکو ایڈوانس مضامین کی فہرست میں ڈال دیا جائے۔۔۔ اس طرح بنیادی تعلیم تو سب کے لئے ایک جیسی ہو گی لیکن ایلیٹ, غیر ملکی, مذہبی, صوبائی یا اور دوسری زبانیں بولنے والوں کے لئے اختیاری مضامین کی شکل میں چوائس موجود ہوگی۔۔۔ اہم بات یہ ہوگی کہ سند حکومت پاکستان کی ہو۔۔۔ اس کے لئے جگہیں بدلنے کی بھی ضرورت نہیں۔۔۔ اپنی اپنی جگہوں پر تعلیم حاصل کریں اور امتحانات دیں۔۔۔  اسکا مطلب یہ بھی نہیں کہ تعلیمی اداروں کو نیشنلائز کردیا جائے۔۔۔ پرائیویٹ اسکول کالجز, مدرسے۔۔۔ سب اپنی جگہ پر بنیادی تعلیم کا سرکاری ریکوائرمنٹ پوری کریں۔۔۔ پھر طلبہ چاہیں جو مضامین ایڈوانس لیول پرپڑھیں۔۔۔ 

اسکے فوائد کیا ہونگے۔۔۔

سارا کا سارا تعلیمی نظام ایک مرکز کے تحت کام کرے گا۔۔۔ جس سے مرکزی حکومت کو اہمیت حاصل ہو گی, وہ مضبوط بھی ہوگی ۔۔

علمی بنیادوں پرلوگوں کی تقسیم اور تفاخر بہت حد تک کم ہو جائے گی۔۔۔ کیونکہ تمام کے تمام مضامین پر تعلیمی اسناد پہ ٹھپہ یاسیل مرکزی حکومت کی ہو گی۔۔۔

پاکستان میں سب سے بڑا تعلیمی فرق مدرسہ اور اسکولز کی تعلیم میں ہے۔۔۔ ایک کو شرعی تعلیم کہہ کر محدود کردیا۔۔۔ دوسرے کو جدید تعلیم کہہ کر کفر یا غیر شرعی یا دنیاوی قرار دے دیا۔۔۔ پاکستان کے ماحول میں دینی اور ماڈریٹ کا فرق بھی کچھہ کم ہوگا۔۔۔ اوردینی لوگوں کی آئے دن کے نفاذ شریعت کی دھمکیوں کا زور بھی کم ہوگا۔۔۔ اور دونوں قسم کے لوگ ایک ہی مرکز تلےآجائیں گے۔۔۔

صوبوں کے درمیان تعلیمی فرق بھی کم رہ جائے گا۔۔۔ ایک صوبے کے رہنے والے کو دوسرے صوبے میں جاکر تعلیمی سلسلہ بدل جانے کی شکایت نہیں ہوگی۔۔۔۔۔۔۔۔۔ خیراتی اسکولوں اور فلاحی اداروں کے بچوں کا کم از کم علمی بنیادوں پر احساس محرومی ختم ہوجائے گا۔۔۔ انکے پاس بھی کیونکہ  سرکاری سند ہوگی۔۔۔

پھر یہ کہ پرائیویٹ یا ہوم اسکولنگ والے بچوں کے لئے جو سائنس نہ لینے کی پابندی ہے وہ بھی ختم ہو جائے گی کیونکہ سائنس تو میٹرک تک لازمی ہی ہوگی۔۔۔ 

یہ سب کرنا آسان نہیں۔۔۔

چوں کہ ہمارا حکمران طبقہ جاہل اور ذہنی طور پر غلامانہ سوچ رکھتا ہے  وہ امریکہ اور مغربی دنیا کےاشارے کے بغیر کچھہ نہیں کرتا۔۔۔ اس لئے عوام کو ہی شور مچانا پڑے گا۔۔۔ اپنے اپنے علاقے کے سیاستدانوں اور حکومت پر دباؤ ڈالنا پڑے گا۔۔۔ اور وہ بھی کافی عرصے تک۔۔۔ 

دوسرا بڑا مسئلہ دینی فرقے ہیں۔۔۔  انکا کسی بھی معاملے کو سمجھداری سے نمٹانا نہ ممکن سا لگتا ہے۔۔۔ لیکن بہرحال معجزات بھی تو ہو سکتے ہیں۔۔۔  

تیسرا مسئلہ او لیولز اور آغا خان بورڈ۔۔۔ پرائیوٹ اسکولز اور برٹش تو او لیولز کے نام پر کڑوڑوں روپے احمق پاکستانیوں سے کمارہے ہیں۔۔۔ بھلا وہ اس لوٹ مار کو کیسے بند ہونے دینگے۔۔۔ دو سال بعد کا کورس دوسال پہلے پڑھا دیا تواس سے معیار بلند تو نہیں ہو جاتا۔۔۔

چوتھا مسئلہ ہے ہمارا طریقہ تعلیم جو خاص طور پر ابتدائی درجات میں اور ویسے بھی کتابوں اور کاپیوں کے گرد گھومتا ہے۔۔۔ اکثر تین یا چار سال کےبچوں کو بھی کتابوں اور کاپیوں سے لکھنے پڑھنے پر لگادیا جاتا ہے۔۔۔ یکساں تعلیم کا سن کر سب کا ذہن جائے گا ایک جیسی کتابوں کی طرف۔۔۔ حالانکہ یکساں تعلیم کا مقصد یکساں نتیجہ حاصل کرنا ہوتا ہے نہ کہ یکساں طریقہ تعلیم۔۔۔

پانچواں مسئلہ ہے خیراتی اسکولوں سے مطلوبہ نتائج حاصل کرنا۔۔۔ یہ تو چلتے ہی عطیات زکات پر ہیں۔۔۔ کوئی معیارقائم ہوگیا تو چندہ کون دے گا۔۔۔
چھٹا مسئلہ وہ اسکول جو سیاسی شخصیات نے کھولے ہیں یا انکے پرنسپلز بنکے بیٹھے ہیں۔۔۔ وہ برداشت کر لیں گے کہ انکا اور انکی مخالف پاڑٹی کے اسکول کا معیار ایک جیسا ہو۔۔۔

ساتواں مسئلہ یہ کہ حکومت کی طرف سے بنیادی تعلیم کا سلیبس ترتیب کون دے گا۔۔۔ ملک میں ہزاروں کی تعداد میں بپبلیکیشنز ہیں اور ساری ہی کہیں نہ کہیں استعمال ہورہی ہیں۔۔۔ اسی طرح مدرسے کے کورسز ہیں, سینکڑوں کی تعداد میں کتابیں ہیں۔۔۔ کوئی کسی کتاب کو ابتدائی درجہ کے لئے موزوں سمجھتا ہے تو دوسرا اسے ایڈوانس لیول رکھتا ہے۔۔۔ کیا مدرسے, سرکاری اسکول, پرائیویٹ اسکول, آغا خان سسٹم, اولیولز, خیراتی اسکول, یتیم خانے, سیاسی شخصیات کے اسکول کےنمائندے اور ہوم اسکولنگ کی طرف سے والدین اس میں ایک سطح پہ آکر حصہ لیں گے۔۔۔

آٹھواں مسئلہ بنیادی تعلیم کی تعریف اور اسکا معیارکیا ہونا چاہئے۔۔۔ یہ کون بتائے گا۔۔۔

What could/should be the definition of unified education in Pakistan?  Is unified education the synonym of fundamental education?


I totally disagree with introducing phonics to our educational system at any level except for if there is a dire need of it.  Such as for especial children.

Pakistan’s modern education system is founded upon foreign-based ideas, methods, contents and curriculums.  Phonics is one of the method that was introduced with the purpose of quality education.  On one side, we have a government that consists of illiterate ministers and parliamentarians like Jamshed Dasti who are possessed with ignorance.  On the other side, we have educated people who are obsessed with imported items.  Both groups are dangerous for our identity as they both lack confidence, wisdom and spirit of freedom.  In short, they are slave-minds.

Western countries are developed and advanced countries.  One reason of their progress is that they don’t import but introduce ideas.  Now, instead of learning from them, we try to copy them as it is.  We waste our energy and time in convincing people that this imitation will get us some respect in the Western world.  What a rubbish!

These countries introduced phonics as a technique to enhance reading ability through sound of letters.  It is sound of a letter at the beginning or at the ending of a word, sound of vowels and sound of a compound.  English is their mother tongue.  This is the language they communicate in 365 days a year.  Before introducing any idea to their system, they study their people and the nature of requirement, they design it in a form of step-by-step guideline, they compose it in a timely manner, they train faculties, they prepare parents’ mind to accept it, their purpose of introduction is not to rip off money, it is to bring improvement.  Phonics may be good for them because they are not in hurry.  They don’t teach in large groups.  They don’t have to pressurize their children for quick learning so that they can get first position.  They don’t want to run away from their country after higher education.

Still I don’t get it that how do they figure out that at what age or level, their student should know the sound of letter ‘c’ as /s/ or /k/ — or ‘g’ as /g/ or /j/– then the difference between c and k and g and j –or the sound of ‘ph’ as /f/– or the sound of letter ‘u’ in but, put, use, blue — or merging the sounds of two vowels like in ‘road’, ‘lead’, belief — or when to use ‘the’ as ‘tha’ or ‘thee’ — or when do letters become silent?….at what age or level, students won’t need to use phonics?….. is phonics really meant for all students in general or only for special children?

In alcoholic societies, children are born with slow mental progress, brain disorders, mental retardation, low tolerance, difficulty in reading and relating connections and reasons.  So phonics is a useful technique for them in general.

Pakistanis are very talented people.  Lacking healthy environment and health facilities, our children are still born normal.  It is parents and the overall system that suck their abilities to progress.

Phonics is not good for our children.  It is damaging their brain, slowing down their learning abilities, burdening them with confusing sounds of a foreign language.  Our Montessori teachers are intermediate or B.A, B.Sc or B.Com.  They are not trained to deal with children, how to teach, how to behave, how to handle them.  Even the ones certified from Early Childhood Training Centers don’t know how to plan for phonics.  Even their sounds of letter differ in length and pronunciation.  For example, 95% of them mix up the short vowel sounds of ‘a’ and ‘e’, ‘v’ and ‘w’…. pronouncing very to vaary, was to vas, bed to baad, red to raad.  Also, it is a non-sense to teach normal children the normal things sounding like animals, aa, baa, caa, daa, skipping e, faa, haa, skipping i, at ‘G’ they are confused if alone it sounds like ‘g’ or ‘j’.  A child who is not even familiar with the sequence of letter, how can he learn their sounds skipping vowels and with exceptions?

If this is all we are doing to teach English as a language, both in speaking or reading, then we should focus on improving children’s listening skills, through stories, discussions, discipline and instructions.







Matriculation is the tenth year of regular schooling system.  Generally, matriculation is defined as a process that prepares students for college level.  In America, it is part of the high-school which ends at Twelfth Grade.  Prior to partition, in South Asian region, it was regarded as a sign of honour and wisdom.  Even after the establishment of Pakistan, “matric paas students” were preferred for jobs and matrimonial proposals.

One aspect of our overall failure is that our governments never planned for improving educational system according to the growth in population and in comparison to the new world challenges.

The situation we are facing right now is that on one hand we have masters and bachelors complaining about suitable job opportunities while lacking professionalism.  On the other hand, we have a huge number of matriculated youth being hired at low salaries obviously not fulfilling any professional requirements.  Another horrible reality that we face in our system is that we never think of solving problems according to the mental and social level of our own people.  Most of our celebrities from different fields of Fine Arts, when don’t find anything else to do or let’s say when they think of serving nation, they start opening school or join some famous chains at high position.  Durdana Butt, Rahat Kazmi, Huma Akbar, Afshan Ahmed, Khushbakht Shuja’at, Jawad Ahmed, Shezad Roy and many more.  Have they ever tried to sit together and discussed how they can bring a change in the existing system, how they can get together to build a unified educational system that has something to do with Pakistan and with the people of Pakistan???

In Ninth and Tenth Grades, subjects are divided into three or four main groups which doesn’t make a sense.  At least not now.  Students have to choose to study either from Science Group, Arts or Humanitarian Group, Commerce Group or may be computer.  After two years of study, the Science group students have no idea about even the basic concepts of Economy, Psychology, Sociology, Education, Political Science, Sociology etc.  The Arts/Humanitarian group remain ignorant about simple Math, the basics of Zoology, Botany, Biology, Physics, Chemistry etc.  In Science group they don’t focus on writing skills and speech power.  Now what if a Science student has to deliver a speech about plantation to grow economy or write an essay on wild life in Sindh or prepare a Science syllabus for Elementary classes.  The career choices for Arts group students are to become a writer, singer, musician, performer, painter etc.  What if they have to write a true story of a zookeeper hero falls into love with a marine-biologist or a drama about a singer studying plants part-time.  All of them have zero knowledge about environment.

I just remembered this drama of Indus TV (I forgot the name) that was about a hospital, doctors, nurses and patients.  I really thought that it was a parody of some American medical shows because the whole serial was totally non-scientific.  The serial didn’t teach a single medical term to the viewers, neither it brought any awareness about health and hygiene.  They didn’t even discussed the problems of doctors and patients in our society.  Each episode was focused on the make up and style of female actresses (doctors/nurses), love affair between the staff, emotional scenes of patients coming depressing background.

Back to the point, this two-years of matriculation becomes useless if they decide not to (as most of the students do) join any college or institution for further studies.  The matriculated students are not given jobs on the basis of subject grouping.  The idea is to eliminate grouping subjects in Ninth and Tenth Grade and to introduce an intensive occupational studies course of one or two year instead to equip our students with the fundamentals of main subjects in each existing group.  Girls are usually hired as assistant teacher, teacher, receptionist, office-helper, factory worker etc.  Boys get jobs as sales person, clerk, cashier, messenger, dyer, courier etc. Many other countries are doing it.  My two-years of occupational studies course was composed to accounting, business maths, writing skills, keyboarding, typing, business law, psychology, personal management, fundamentals of computer, literature, business management etc.  Why can’t we introduce such kind of grouping here?

ہمارے ملک میں تعلیم کی منصوبہ بندی کی جتنی  کمی ہے اس سے کہیں زیادہ زندگی کی منصوبہ بندی کی کمی ہے۔۔۔ تعلیم کا معیار جتنا کم ہے تربیت کا معیار اس سے بھی کم۔۔۔ جتنا تعلیمی نظام بگڑاہواہے اس سے زیادہ سماجی اورسیاسی نظام بگڑا ہوا ہے۔۔۔ حالانکہ تعلیم سے پہلے ان سب چیزوں کاہونا ضروری ہے۔۔۔ یعنی زندگی کی منصوبہ بندی,  تربیت کا معیار اور مضبوط سماجی اورسیاسی نظام۔۔۔۔۔۔

ہمارے ہاں عام تعلیم کی حد میٹرک یعنی دسویں جماعت ہے۔۔۔ اسکی ایک وجہ لوگوں کے معاشی حالات انھیں لڑکوں کو آگے پڑھانے کی اجازت نہیں دیتےاور وہ کسی کام سیکھنے پر بٹھا دئے جاتے ہیں۔۔۔ لڑکیوں کی شادی ہوجاتی ہے یا منگنی۔۔۔ پھر وہ جب موقع ملے پرائیوٹ ہی پڑھتی ہیں۔۔۔ اکثر پرائیوٹ اسکول میں میٹرک یا انٹر پاس لڑکیوں کوٹیچرز رکھا جاتا ہے جو کم تنخواہ پر کام کرنے پر راضی ہو جاتی ہیں۔۔۔ دوسری وجہ تعلیم کی اہمیت کو نہ پہچاننا۔۔۔ اکثریت اسے اسکول کالجز کی کاروائی سمجھتی ہے, جس میں امتحان پاس کرنا ایک بڑا مرحلہ ہوتاہے۔۔۔ اور جو اہمیت بتائی جاتی ہے اسکے مطابق ملازمتوں کا نہ ملنا۔۔۔ کم عمر میں کم تعلیم اوربے تربیتی کے ساتھہ آگے بڑھنے کاراستہ کرپشن ہوتاہے۔۔۔

میٹرک پاس بچوں میں ان صلاحیتوں کی ازحد کمی ہوتی ہے جو ایک لڑکا یا لڑکی میں دس بارہ سال کی اسکولنگ اور گھریلو تربیت کے نتیجے میں ہونی چاہئیں۔۔۔ سوچ, رکھہ رکھاؤ, انفرادیت, معلومات عامہ, آگے بڑھنے کا جذبہ, بہتری کی خواہش, مسائل کو سمجھنا انکا حل تلاش کرنا, منصوبہ بندی کرنا, خودانحصاری۔۔۔۔۔۔

ایک مسئلہ یہ بھی ہے کہ نویں جماعت سے جومضامین کی گروپنگ کی جاتی ہے اور اس میں موجود مواد کا انتخاب  اکثر بے فائدہ ہوتا ہے۔۔۔ مثال کے طور پر سائنس گروپ کے بچے ایجوکیشن, سیاسیات, معاشیات کے تصور سے بھی ناآشنا ہوتے ہیں۔۔۔ حالانکہ ایک سائنس کے طالب علم کو کمانا تو ہوتا ہی ہے, اس کا تعلق ملکی سیاست اور تعلیمی نظام سے بھی ہو تا ہے, لوگوں کی نفسیات سے بھی ہوتا ہے۔۔۔ خاص طورپر ان بچوں کے لئے جنھوں نےمیٹرک کے بعد تعلیم کو خیرآباد کہہ دیناہو۔۔۔ لازمی ہے کہ وہ ضروری مضامین کے بنیادی تصور اور انکی حقیقی زندگی میں کارآمد ہونے سے واقف ہوں۔۔۔

آٹھویں جاعت کابچہ عموما تیرہ سال کاہوتا ہے۔۔۔ اگر نویں اور دسویں یعنی دو سال مضامین کی گروپنگ کے بجائےایک ایسا تعلیمی کورس مرتب کردیا جائے جس میں موجود مواد انکے کام کاہو تو تعلیمی نظام اورسماجی نظام دونوں میں بہتری آسکتی ہے۔۔۔

فوری طور پر حکومتی سطح پر تو تبدیلی ناممکن ہے۔۔۔ لیکن دن بہ دن بڑھتی ہوئی آزمائشوں کا آسانی سے مقابلہ کرنے کے لئے کوئی نہ کوئی نئی راہ تو نکالنی پڑے گی۔۔۔ لوگوں کے ذہنوں کو بہتر تبدیلی کے لئے آمادہ کرنا شاید دنیاکاسب سے مشکل کام ہوتاہے۔۔۔ باہر ممالک کی طرح اگر ایک سال یا دو سال کا  آکیوپیشنل اسٹڈیز کا انٹینسو کورس جس میں کتابوں سے زیادہ تحقیق, بحث اور لکھنا شامل ہو متعارف کرائے جاسکتے ہیں۔۔۔ جس سائنس, آرٹس, کامرس, کمپیوٹر کے بجائے پرفیشنل اسکلز کو ابھارنے پر مرکوز کیا جائے۔۔۔ کیونکہ ابھی تو حال یہ ہے کہ ہمارے ببیچلرز اور ماسٹرز کوبھی ملازمت کی درخواستیں نہیں  لکھنی آتیں۔۔۔۔۔۔۔











We all have endorsed the fact that our schools and colleges are worthless places for providing with any useful training or education of at least international level.  If they do then what do we complain about.  If they don’t then we must think of ways changing it.  In order to change it, we must discuss what kind of change do we want and why.

Since we all know our teachers, most of them have no passion for their profession, others are either over-burned with piles of responsibilities or are obstructed due to limited resources.

The private institutions (from Montessori to college level) can make a difference by using technology at their premises.  Few years ago, I gave this idea to a school owner that the principals of different schools in a certain area can arrange a workshop once a month for teachers’ training.  They can gather at some place and exchange their expertise.  They can exchange good ideas, curriculum and other activities.  They can also watch educational videos to learn effective teaching skills.  Plus they can plan community visits and inter-school competitions.

Principals can sit together and think of ways to reduce the cost of education and make it affordable for parents.  For teachers’ convenience, they must provide them with some kind of help in their daily routine.  They must be given enough time to get organized, to check students’ work and a precise syllabus according to students’ level.

Preschools, schools and colleges can use videos, CDs and DVDs to occupy children with educational learning.  Children can be kept involved with Adam’s World, Sound Vision and Astrolab productions, Seasame Street, Barney, Between the Loins (children’s show about vowels) and other good shows on daily basis.  They can learn new vocabulary, songs, games and manners by watching these videos.  Just half-hour video everyday can play a big role in keeping them busy with something interesting for their age.  That half-hour or one hour will be a spare time for teachers to relax a little and finish their checking.

Even public schools, colleges and universities can take advantage of the technology (I don’t want to call it a new technology since it belongs to the last century).

If the public and private institutions are not interested in it, still a great idea for charity schools and other places where unwanted or homeless children are accommodated for any reason.  Such as Edhi’s children section, orphanages, etc.

Many of our high profiles like Ms. Afshan Ahmed, Madam Khushbakht Shuja’at, Mr. Rahat Kazmi, Madam Durdana Butt, Mr. Shezad Roy, Mr. Jawad Ahmed and many others who claim that they are very sensitive towards the issues of our society, must sit together and plan something.  All these ‘sensitive’ educationists can influence the parents with whatever they come up with (something like negotiations or conclusions).

Cost-Reduction in Education:  It’s possible.

1) Little children can learn to write and to draw things on slates (old fashioned) instead of wasting money on copies/notebooks and drawing copies.

2) Instead of buying books in Montessori, they can learn alphabets, numbers and words on board or charts.

3) Instead of buying supplies, school can charge a little amount from each parents and purchase the necessary items in bulk on discount,  keep them in classes and train children to share them, use them and organize them.

4)  Painting school walls with cartoons and animals looks horrible and messy, it doesn’t help them in learning.  Instead, take them to the nearby park, zoo, keep a pet or give them some other activities to show them the real colours of life.  They need to be trained to face the reality, not to be lost in myths and mysteries or unnecessary imaginations.

5) Avoid phonics, it makes normal children read like foolish.  Just teach them the letters like a normal insaan ka bacha is supposed to learn.  Children are human beings too, they should not learn to read by making strange animal sounds.  After all, our teachers don’t know how and when to teach phonics.





India Burns

“In August 1947, the British decided to quit India after nearly 200 years of taking power. India, one the most ethnically diverse nations in the world was to be divided. One country will now become two, India and Pakistan. The once peaceful land now implodes, people are forced out the villages that they have lived in for generations. 15 million scramble to be on the right side of the boarder, at least 1 million die in the process. Communities that have lived together for centuries turn on each other in one of the worst communal massacres of the 20th century. Britain the once great colonial power looks on as India Burned.”  (taken from the video India Burned)


The definition of the geographical extent of Indian subcontinent varies. Historically forming the whole territory of Classical India, now it generally comprises the countries of India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh; prior to 1947, the three nations were historically combined and constituted British India. It almost always also includes Nepal, Bhutan, and the island country of Sri Lanka and may also include Afghanistan and the island country of Maldives.  The region may also include the disputed territory of Aksai Chin, which was part of the British Indian princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, but is now administered as part of the Chinese autonomous region of Xinjiang. A  booklet published by the United States Department of State in 1959 includes Afghanistan, Ceylon (Sri Lanka), India, Nepal, and Pakistan as part of the “Subcontinent of South Asia”.  When the term Indian subcontinent is used to mean South Asia, the islands countries of Sri Lanka and the Maldives may sometimes not be included, while Tibet and Nepal may be includedor excluded intermittently, depending on the context. (Wikipedia)


If they blame Mr. Jinnah for what is going wrong in Pakistan now, who do they hold responsible for what is going wrong now in India?  Hindus were in majority.  Their leaders had more influence on British rulers than Muslims.  Why couldn’t they save the subcontinent from division when even half of the Muslims and mullahs/scholars were against the establishment of Pakistan and supported Congress?  Mr. Jinnah, his team and his Muslim supporters were a minority.  Why did they still succeed in their mission?

1) The Subcontinent was not divided into two but many countries.  All those countries together were called Hindustan.  Then why is the propaganda only against Pakistan and Mr. Jinnah?

2) “the once peaceful land now implodes”….. oh really, Muslims and Hindus never had any problem prior to 1946?  Were they really living in peace and loved each other?  Hindus and other non-Muslim minorities never caused trouble for Muslim rulers?  Muslims in different states of the subcontinent were united and showed solidarity to other minorities?

3) “one million die in the process of division”….well, how many died in the War of Independence 1857 and who fought the war against whom?  How many died in the process of extending the subcontinent by different rulers?  How many have died in Indian Occupied Kashmir and for what reason?

4) How safe are Muslims in India?  Why didn’t Indian government reward Indian Muslims for not supporting Pakistan and Quaid-e-Azam?  Why didn’t Indian Muslim show Pakistanis after the partition that look, this is how you should have lived with Hindus and other minorities, in peace and harmony?

5) How safe is India for Christians and other minorities?

6) British – where ever they went, they caused injustice, hatred and division.  I can understand why America has become the greatest problem for the world peace.  They originally came from Britain.

I Love Pakistan

People say Islam is more important than Pakistan, faith is more important than land.

I say, “Pakistan is the symbol of Islam in form of land.  If you don’t care about land, where would you practice your Islam and establish khilafah, in the air or under water?  Land, book, building, stone – all are material things and have no value against faith.  But Muslims do own Makkah, Madinah, Ka’abah, Aqsa, Qur’an and Hajr-ul-Aswad.  Then what’s wrong with owning or loving Pakistan.  Prophet (pbuh) owned it, he felt fresh breeze from this piece of land.”

People say people have a right to live anywhere they want.

I say, “Yes, they do.  But they don’t have a right to misuse, abuse or accuse the land/place they have disowned for any reason.  That is in general.  For Muslims, there are few conditions for migration.  Migration means a temporary stay.  It is allowed for trade, marriage, preaching and political reasons.  Muslims migrated to Habsah (Abyssinia) for political asylum and returned when it was safe.  They migrated to Madinah for political reasons.  Finally, they came back to free Makkah from disbelievers.  As Makkah and Madinah became two cities under one khilafah, Ansar (residents of Madinah) and Mahajreen (migrants) – all were regarded as equal citizens of the first Islamic State.”

People say making of Pakistan was a wrong decision.

I ask them, “whose decision was it?

They say, “Jinnah’s decision”.

I ask them, “Wasn’t Quaid-e-Azam supported and trusted by influential personalities of that time and millions of common Muslims?  If yes, then how could millions of people be wrong at the same time?  Why would millions of people decide to sacrifice their lives and properties for a land that could be the result of someone’s wrong decision?  Were those influential personalities from all provinces and of minorities also wrong?  Don’t blame great people who established Pakistan for your failure.  Blame your parents who failed in bringing you up like a gentle, civilized, ambitious and skillful person.”

People say Pakistan did not give them anything.

I ask them, “Do countries really have such powers?  Does visa for other countries assure you of suitable employment, three times meal, clothing and other facilities?  No, right.  Then why do you expect such a non-sense from Pakistan.  You live, you struggle…you invest, you gain…you earn, you eat…you make wrong decisions, you lose.  Simple rules of life in all countries.”

Urdu Speaking say, “mahajirs are not treated well, there is no space for us in Karachi”.

I tell them, “Mahajir/migrants are not treated well anywhere.  They are granted with basic necessities on humanitarian basis.  Calling yourself mahajir is a sign of disowning Pakistan.  Should people who disown their own lands be treated well in foreign lands?  Hmmm, I don’t think foreigners are that stupid.  and…..Why do you care about having no space in Karachi when you are ever ready to leave this city?  Leaving your place means you don’t care about it or you don’t need it anymore, others will ultimately occupy it.  By the way Urdu Speaking don’t leave Karachi like a migrant.  They plan to travel abroad, they sell their properties, prepare people’s mind to accept their excuses and justification.”

Old Age

I am an elderly person from the next few decades (if I get to survive).   Next few decades which I am not very much hopeful regarding my old age.  Old age, when I will not have the same stamina as I have now and my physical organs will not function in the same proper way.  I won’t be able to sustain my provisions on my own.

Where will I live then?  Who will provide me with food and clothing?  Who will be there to take care of my health?  It will be useless to ask these questions to the future youth because by the time they will come up with an idea, I will be resting in peace for hundred years.

One solution that the majority has worked upon is to work hard, earn money until there are chances and then settle down in another country where they have made some system for elderly people.  Many celebrities like Uzma Gilani, Munni Begum, Majid Jahangir, Umm-e-Habibah, Zohra Noorani, Tehseen Javed, Sajjad Ali and families of scholars and middle class people have applied this strategy to turn their olden era into a golden era.  They are nice people and have right to live wherever they want to whatever the way they want.  May be this is a part of globalization that you grow up with thoughts of taking care of yourself and your family, be nice to everyone and live your own life.  For most people now “how to live?” matters more than “where to live?”.  The thing is that I cannot expect anything from them like helping in building this nation, except for crumbs of donation time-to-time or a statement “I miss Pakistan”.

Still some ladies (I call them great), the legends of our time, like Bano Qudsia, Bajya and Bilqees Edhi preferred to stay.  May be because their names begin with letter ‘B’, who knows.  All I want to know is that why did these ladies prefer “where to live” over “how to live”?

I’m not a celebrity.  I’m just a common person.  Everyday I notice the increase in number of old women beggars.  In last eight or nine years, I even saw many of them sleeping on sidewalks along with their grandchildren.  I wouldn’t say that they all have come from the interior of Sindh or Punjab or Baluchistan or Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (jitnay mushkil khud hain utna hi mushkil naam rakh diya soobay ka).  Many of  them belong to Karachi.

I remember few families from my childhood.  They had migrated from India in search of a peaceful land.  They sacrificed their loved ones, lost their properties, even their basic belongings.  There was one family whose head of the house was a sixty five year old lady and was obviously an illiterate person.  She had a son who was killed during the riots of sixties and left few children including other family kids whose parents were lost during partition.  Then there was another family of similar kind.  The seventy year old lady was responsible for her eight little grandchildren and a mentally ill daughter age 55.  Sometimes they had nothing to eat for days but one time meal that was a ‘roti’ , no curry to eat with.  Neighbours provided them with some good food but that was not on the regular basis.  They still needed clothes, education, somebody to supervise them.  Both ladies became nani’s friend.  They were from noble families in India.  I am sure there were thousands of stories like this.

The ladies must have died soon as they were already feeble and ill.  But I don’t know what their grandchildren had gone through.  If they are alive, they must be my age now or may be a little younger or older.  May be few of them had found a good support later on which rarely happens.  But what about the rest.

There was no system at that time.  Not even the concept of having a system.  Children from that time are now middle-aged and have grown as unwanted beings while the children of this time are growing as wild beings.  God knows what kind of society we’re going to turn into next twenty or thirty years.

Edhi seems to be the only refuge for elderly people especially women.  There are few adult homes but they are mostly for men to live till their death and they are expensive too.

I have no hope at all from our political parties and religious groups for next hundred years.  They will keep growing fear and hatred in people’s mind against each other.  Only if common people support each other and help each other about solving issues of common people like them.

From Cradle to Grave

Years ago, when I was asked what would I do if I fail to do anything in Pakistan?  My reply was that I will still prefer to live in Pakistan because they have Edhi Centers.  From cradle to grave, they take care of everything.

The name “Edhi” in Pakistan is the symbol of humanity, sincerity and trust.

I had to spend the whole day yesterday at the funeral of one of our relative.  She died in her nineties.  On Tuesday night she was taken to the hospital and an hour later her body was sent to Edhi Center to be kept in freezer until it was ready for burial.  The next morning, her daughters and a couple of relatives reached there to wash the body (ghusl) and wrapped it in white clothes (kafn) and brought it home for final procession (i.e. the family members may apologize the deceased person, his/her debts are paid off, pardoned or transferred to another person, final sight and funeral prayer).

Few years ago, Mr. Edhi made an exclusive request to donate for burial services.  They needed money to buy land for grave, coffin and clothes for unclaimed dead bodies.

Now I came to know that most of the dead bodies, even of the well off people, are brought to Edhi Center for this purpose.  They use electricity, maintain the premises, buy wood to prepare coffins, buy clothes for kafn, pay to workers and drivers, use petrol or CNG, use stationary for documentation.  I am not sure if they charge everyone for their services but they should.  Why Edhi Centers?  Isn’t it the responsibility of government hospitals or private hospitals to provide this facility?

If they can’t, then….

1) people should force government to allocate land and funds to establish Edhi funeral homes all over Pakistan

2) professionals from related fields can sponsor training sessions for their workers

3) rich people can sponsor jobs or the salary of Edhi’s staff on yearly basis or they can finance their own employees to spend few hours a week or month to work at different branches of Edhi Foundation.

4) Schools, colleges and universities can arrange practical workshops for their students to volunteer at Edhi centers on weekends or holidays.  The hours of their volunteer services and their progress report should have points to be included in their mark sheets.

There is a lot that people can do for them to maintain and beautify their centers.  Their gates , grills and walls need to be painted, their floors need to be leveled, their passages need to be filled with plants and flowers, their slaughter house need to supplied with disinfectants, their children need to be provided with activities, their animal shelter need to be equipped with vet-staff, animal food, grassy patches, trees, flowers, plants, water and handy food for their workers at the shelter.

Edhi Foundation is not a charity anymore.  It has become the soul of Pakistan, a trust-building amenity between all Pakistanis.  Edhi’s name and services should immediately be made the part of our educational curriculum from Elementary to Ph.D.  His photos deserve to be placed right next to Allama Iqbal, Quaid-e-Azam and Ms. Fatima Jinnah.  May God bless him and his family and the entire team for symbolizing Pakistan with true spirit of humanity, Ameen!


A peaceful man in beard

First Ladies

Eve/Hawwa (peace be upon her) was the first female and the first lady on this earth as her husband was an appointed leader to the pubic he will give birth to.  She stood shoulder to shoulder with him in all historical events.  She accompanied her husband in Paradise, both disobeyed the God, both were humiliated, both repented, both were forgiven, both were honored, both were sent to earth (on temporary basis), both returned to Paradise, their permanent home and reminded their children to join them.  She had no parents so no feelings of being a daughter, a sister, a cousin or a friend.  She had no childhood stories to tell as she didn’t grow.  No burden of reading, writing, cooking, shopping etc.  No beauty and fashion competitions.  Her life was peaceful for having no mother-in-law and sister-in-law.  Her daughters-in-law were her own daughters, her sons were her sons-in-law, so there was no issue of favoring whom, no home politics.  She wasn’t a grandchild herself but was a grandmother to many.  She had no mother but became mother of whole mankind.

Hagar/Hajrah (peace be upon her) was the first lady who had to live in the valley of Makkah as her husband Prophet Abraham/Ibraheem (peace be upon him) left her there to fulfill God’s strategy to populate Makkah.  She gave birth to Prophet Ismaeel/Ishmael (peace be upon him) whose rubbing heels caused the Zum Zum to gush out of the ground.  Her efforts to look out for help for her infant are titled as “sa’ee” (Arabic word for effort), a must-to-follow part of Hajj at the same place.  I wish if I can ask her how she managed to live in the middle of high mountains all alone and raised her son to be a pious man.

Maryam/Mary (peace be upon her) was the first lady who was selected to grow in church’s boundaries.  Her Prophet Zakariyah (peace be upon him) took care of her.  She was fed on the food from heaven.  She saw the angels and had a conversation with them.  She was the first and the only one to give birth to her son Prophet Isa/Jesus (peace be upon him) without following the normal reproductive course.  Her own son in his infancy was made the witness to her purity and piety.  Her name is mentioned in Qur’an as the most honored lady in all.

syeda Khadijah bint Khuwelad (peace be upon her) was probably the first business lady who proposed her young employee Prophet Muhammad (bpuh) for she found him very honest and trustworthy in his dealings.  She was the first lady to declare the shahadah and accepted him as a prophet.  She dedicated her life and wealth for the cause her glorious and handsome husband stood for.  She faced the three-year boycott along with other believers and died of illness during the siege.  She was the first one to receive the title of “Umul-Mo’minee”/The Mother of Believers.

Syeda Fatima Az-Zahrah (peace be upon her) was the first lady who got the honor of being the daughter of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), wife of the Caliph Ali ibn Abi-Talib and mother of sons Hasan and Hussain who will lead the martyrs in Paradise.   She was a dignified lady, very kind and just too.  She was the first and most probably the only lady who treated her maid so respectfully that she shared her responsibilities on equal basis.  Having the fear of being unjust, instead of dividing chores, she divided the days.  One whole day for Fizza to work and the other whole day for herself so the maid can enjoy the full break.

Syeda Zainab (peace be upon her), the granddaughter of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and Abu Talib, daughter of Ali and Faimah–was the first lady who joined her brother Hussain in the journey to Karbala along with her sons.  She lost them both in the battle.  She faced the massacre with courage and dignity.  She roared in the court of Yazeed denouncing his throne and predicting his fall in coming years.  She is role-model for all Muslim women.

Ms. Fatimah Jinnah (peace be upon her) may not be the first woman to stand up for a political cause but she was the first Pakistani lady who worked with her brother, Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah, side-by-side and step-to-step for the establishment of Pakistan.  A dentist by profession, she served her great brother as a loving sister, sincere friend, loyal assistant, wise political adviser and trustworthy colleague throughout the movement.  People of Pakistan loved her the same as they loved Quaid-e-Azam.  She led Muslim League as a unified platform for Pakistanis until her death in 1967.  She didn’t get married though but she was the first and the only lady to be remembered as Madre-Millat/The Mother of Nation.  This nation is really very unfortunate for they produced hundreds of movies, dramas, theater shows, songs, books about the love stories of Empress Noor Jahan, the royal maid Anar Kali, the warriors Razia Sultana and Chand BiBi — writers, poets, composers, actors, actresses, singers, comedians, producers, directors — they all failed to present Madre-Millat as a calm, dignified, educated, brave and wise politician of Islamic world.  And they all claim that they are a sensitive part of society and have been loyal and sincere to Pakistan.  What a great sense of humor they have!

Madam Noor Jahan, a gorgeous actress and a great singer, was the first lady to be awarded with the crown and the title of “The Queen of Melody” by President Gen. Ayub Khan in acknowledgment of her outstanding services for Pakistan.  She was the first and the only woman so far who visited the borders to encourage Pakistani soldiers to win the war of 1965.  Her profession, her career, her family — nothing could stop her from serving her country at the right moment.  Putting her little children behind, felt the pain for the whole nation, she used her voice to energize the troops for definite victory.  She was also the first one to declare publicly that she is in deep love with Pakistan.  She may rightly be called the symbol of Pakistan because of the gift of her passionate, patriotic songs.

Bilqees Edhi, another extraordinary female figure from Pakistan, who is the first woman to run one of the world’s biggest and organized charity with her husband Mr. Abdus-Sattar Edhi, having no educational and professional background.  This jolly, friendly, simple, to-the-point lady is a blessing from God.  Embracing children who are dumped on garbage piles by their own parents, counseling women to settle down family matters, guiding even educated girls how to make their lives purposeful, managing facility for mentally retarded women, adult home for homeless elderly people, running a shelter for homeless animals, etc.  In short, Ms. Bilqees Edhi has shared an equal contribution in whatever the kind of services Edhi Foundation is providing to humanity.  Her visit to Lal-Masjid in order to solve that political issue between the government and the extremists was a surprise for me.  One brave and wise lady we should all be proud of.

Fatimah Surayyah commonly known as Bajya can be distinguished as the first lady who, lacking even the basic formal education at all, wrote plays on family matters and social issues and won awards on her writings, can discuss issues with scholarly perspectives of her own.  Being witness of the Pakistan movement and its establishment, she is a sign of love and affection, courage and dignity, knowledge and respect.

These were the women who marked the history in unsuitable conditions.  Then there are thousands of women who performed remarkably in different fields of life and even those who could only succeed in taking good care of their family members.

May God bless them all for being the subject matter of my post on Great Women.  Ameen!